Molecular wires are molecular chains that conduct electric current. They, like ordinary wires, are the main building blocks for electronic devices, but on a molecular level. The typical thickness of a molecular wire is three nanometers, and can reach a few or more centimeters in length. For nanoscale electronics, it needs both conductors and insulators to progress. Most of the time, researchers went to developing more efficient conductors. Be that as it may, researchers from Denmark and the US have managed to develop the most insulating nanoscale material to date – siloxane wires. This molecular wire is formed from repeat units of silicon and oxygen, and it has the greatest resistance ever recorded. To determine the conductance of molecular wires, one must use the scanning tunnelling microscope-based break-junction method. This siloxane wire, compared with alkanes and silanes of the same length, has a lower conductance than both of these materials. Insulated wires or materials provides benefits such as resistance to corrosion, where the wiring is guarded against moisture, humidity, and other corrosive elements; resistance to interference, where the insulation protects the wire from outside elements, and maintains the optimal level of conductivity; as well as more protection against electrical shorting as compared to non-insulated wires. Want to know more about this awesome device? Follow this Link!
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